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Gender and Women Development Program









Gender and Women Development Program

Goal and Objectives

To improve on the quality of life of women, men and children in Kyaterekerra, Mpeefu and Bwikara Sub counties in Kagadi district by 2021.

Specific objectives

  1. To improve on income levels of 480 households by 2021
  2. To improve on hygiene and nutrition levels in 480 households by 2021
  3. To improve on social justice 1n 480 household and 19 communities by 2021.
  4. To improve on the programme sustainability, networking and organization development by 2021

Target Area

The programme targets 480 households of rural poor farmers of Bwikara, Kyaterekera and Mpeefu sub counties in Kagadi district (i.e. 1,440 direct beneficiaries and 4320 indirect beneficiaries). The beneficiaries will be organized in 72 groups of at least 20 people each. At least 60% of the beneficiaries will be couples and 40% singles. The programme will work with couples, widows, youth out of school, widowers and single parents or unmarried adult men and women committed to using a gender based approach to improve their families’ living standards and Children in Schools both boys and girls in order to improve on the school retention.

Area of operation

The proposed project will be implemented in Kagadi District in Hoima Diocese. The interventions will target 24 villages of Nyakatojo, Rubirizi A, Wabinyama, Rubirizi B, Kasaana, Rwensenene A, Rwensene B, Kayeera and mpokya in Mpeefu Sub-county; Wangeyo C, Tweyanze, Buhumuriro, Muziizi, Buswaka, wangeyo B in Kyaterekerra Sub-county; Karokarungi, Kisura A,   Kakooga, Kisura C, Itaha, Kyakasooro, Nyakarongo Central, Kisura B and Kakindo in Bwikara Sub-county. Kagadi District is located in the Midwestern part of Uganda. 

Findings:

The population in the project area is faced with a three-fold problem particularly: low incomes, low hygiene and nutrition status and alarming levels of social injustice. These phenomena have contributed to an evidently low quality of life for the majority of families.

There is low levels of nutrition and hygiene; and high prevalence of preventable diseases in the majority of the households. Residents attributed low nutritional levels to low food production, excessive sale of food for income, insufficient food in-take and extremely low in-take of a balanced diet in most homes. Sanitation levels are also low because sanitary facilities in most homes are inadequate and where they exist, they are of a wanting quality. For instance during the participatory needs assessment exercise in Kagadi in Bwikara, Mpeefu and Kyaterekera Sub counties  over 74% of 117 households sampled for household survey lacked basic home  hygiene and sanitation facilities such as latrines with without proper structure, drying racks and a livestock house and more than 54% did not have kitchens. In addition, prevalence of preventable diseases is linked with overcrowding in small houses, sharing of houses between humans and livestock, limited access to safe water, a dirty home environment and inadequate health services in the area.

There is also generally lack of access to safe water in the target villages. There are few protected water sources in the area. The average distance to the protected water source is 3kms. As a result they are always congested with long ques. Women and children usually spend a lot of time at water sources at the expense of other productive activities in their homes. Quarrels and fights are also common at water sources as people struggle to get water. Sometimes children forego school to fetch water. Many homes fetch smelly water from rivers and swamps and consume it un treated/un-boiled. Due to poor hygiene in most homes, water utensils are usually dirty and of suspect quality so much that even when water is boiled for drinking, the risk of being contaminated before consumption remains high. This has led to increased risk of contracting water borne diseases and increased expenditure on medication. 

The target communities have limited knowledge on HIV/AIDS. Although the community suspects people to be dying of the disease, they are not sure of preventive measures and HIV/AIDS spread mechanisms. There is also lack of HIV/AIDS Voluntary counseling and testing in the targeted villages. Where they exist they are very far and communities have to travel long distances to get there. As a result many people do not dare to go testing. However the community continues to witness death of people, growing numbers of orphans, cases of polygamy and promiscuity. This condition is very dangerous for the entire community since it exacerbates the risk of infection and re-infection due to the people’s continuous ignorance of their sero-status. 

On the other hand, there is a high level of social injustice in the community mainly manifested in gender-based violence, violence against women and children, unfair gender division of labor, discrimination against women in decision making both at home and community levels and a clear lack of knowledge of human rights which translates into an outright disregard for human rights in the target communities. They are manifested mainly in domestic violence, community conflicts and high levels of illiteracy especially among the women. Domestic violence is attributed to poor gender relations in most homes, culturally limited property rights for women, low joint control of family resources, polygamy and alcoholism among men in Kagadi District.

Food insecurity that is a direct result of men’s sale of food crops while still in the garden (moreover without the consent of their wives) was identified as the most recurrent cause of domestic violence in most homes especially in Mpeefu sub county. Another cause of domestic violence was the unfriendly micro finance services in the area where women are allowed to join savings and credit schemes without the knowledge of their husbands. They are required to save and borrow on a weekly basis. However, given the low income base and lack of a wide range of income generating activities, it is claimed that women have resorted to selling the little available agricultural produce or even engage in prostitution tendencies to be able to raise the money to meet the demanding repayments and compulsory savings. This once discovered by men has led to endemic violence in homes. Men rarely participate in productive work, women work for longer hours than men, women’s participation in family and community decision making is low, women are excluded from control of productive family assets which are instead dominated by men, On the other hand, most community conflicts are caused by population pressure on land, leading to land grabbing in various forms.

The high birth rate coupled with a high influx of migrants in Kagadi district explains the high population density. There is also limited access to health services in the proposed project area leading to high prevalence of human diseases.

The area is also characterized by low incomes at household and community levels, This is due to overdependence on agriculture and low yields due poor farming practices which leads  to the declining soil fertility, dependence on agriculture has been a result of lack of alternative sources of income and the skills to engage in other income generating activities. This situation forces people to sell their produce at low prices. Sometimes people are tempted to steal looking for survival which is socially condemned. 

The main organizations currently operating in the proposed area include IDI that is working of HIV and Maternal Health, Red Cross providing safe water and Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) on livelihoods promotion focusing on Agriculture. Although OWC has a larger geographical coverage, its emphasis on market-oriented farming has not significantly addressed the immediate need for household food security. Much as many people are involved in this programme, many of them (those termed to be food security farmers and who form the majority clearly mention that they have not realized any benefits yet). They had only got facilitation in terms of inputs which are usually delivered late after planting season, they are of low quality and given to them in insufficient amounts. Therefore OWC has not done much in improving peoples income nor food security.

A combination of the above casual –effect relationship of different challenges has left these communities in dire need of an intervention.

ACTIVITIES/OUTPUTS PER OBJECTIVE IN SUMMARY

                                                          INCOME OBJECTIVE

ACTIVITIES                                                                                                       OUTPUTS

Mobilizations for trainings in group dynamics and leadership skills in savings and credit groups for 24 village groups.

1,440 people from 480 H/Hs mobilized for trainings in group dynamics and leadership skills in savings and credit groups.

24 three-day workshops in group dynamics and leadership skills in savings and credit schemes for 1,440 people

1,440 people from 480 H/Hs trained in group dynamics and leadership skills in savings and credit groups

24 two day trainings in records keeping for savings and credit groups.

1,440 people from 480 H/Hs trained in records keeping for savings and credit groups

24 two day trainings in startup of income generating activities.

1,440 people from 480 H/Hs trained in startup of income generating activities

24 two day trainings in business management and records keeping for individual businesses

 

1,440 people from 480 H/Hs trained in business management and records keeping for individual businesses

Monitoring of individual businesses by staff and giving on sport advice.

1,440 businesses monitored and on sport advice provided

Group Businesses

24 villages will be trained in hands on businesses.

Trade Exhibitions

3 five days exhibitions will be conducted during the course of the project life. One exhibition annually.

School Business Clubs

Three business clubs will be run in three different schools, one per sub-county

Radio talk shows

12 business related radio –talk shows will be conducted on a quarterly basis

Community Dialogues

48 community Dialogues will be conducted in 24 communities. Two dialogues per community that will discuss income related issues.

                                                                             GENDER  OBJECTIVE

ACTIVITIES                                                                                                            OUTPUTS

To conduct sensitization workshops on gender issues (need to share reproductive roles, joint decision making, making family budgets sensitizations on the dangers of domestic violence, alcoholism, adultery, prostitution and polygamy)

1440 people from 480H/H sensitized on gender issues(need to share reproductive roles, joint decision making, making family budgets sensitizations on the dangers of domestic violence, alcoholism, adultery, prostitution and polygamy)

To form 72 village groups (of 28 beneficiaries each) one in each of the targeted villages

72 village groups of 28 beneficiaries each formed one in each of the targeted villages

 

To conduct 24 two-day workshops in human rights.

1440 people from 480 H/H trained in human rights

Conduct 108 debates and an equal number of career guidance sessions in three government primary schools one per sub-county per month for 36 months during the project time.

2400 pupils will be encouraged to keep in school, clearly understand their rights, career path and also the basic hygiene and sanitation practices.

Train 6 Senior Women Teachers (SWTs) in making of local/handmade sanitary pads.

6 senior women teachers trained in local sanitary pad making.

Community Dialogues

48 community Dialogues will be conducted in 24 communities. Two dialogues per community that will discuss gender related issues.

Radio talk shows

12 Gender related radio –talk shows will be conducted on a quarterly basis.

Train pupils in classes of P4, P5 and P6; S.1, S.2, S.3 in local handmade sanitary pads.

270 pupils in Primary and 270 students in Secondary are trained in making of handmade sanitary pads. (30 pupilsx3 terms in a year  from classes of p4-p6 in 3 project years)

Hold 108 community courts sessions

108 community court sessions will be held- one per sub county per week.

To conduct 24 one day practical demonstrations on the construction and use of energy saving stoves

1440 people from 480 H/H demonstrated on practical construction and use of energy saving stoves.

                                                                            HEALTH OBJECTIVE

ACTIVITIES                                                                                                             OUTPUTS

To conduct hygiene and sanitation workshops and practical demonstration on the construction of sanitary facilities and parasite protection.

 

1440 from 480 H/H people trained in hygiene and sanitation and practical demonstration on the construction of sanitary facilities and parasite protection

To conduct 24 one-day workshops in proper nutritional practices and water chain management.

1440 people from 480 H/H sensitized on proper nutritional practices and water chain management

24 Two day sensitizations on HIV/AIDS and voluntary counseling and testing

1440 people from 480 H/H sensitized on HIV/AIDS and tested

24 re –mobilization meetings with residents of 24 villages to participate in water source construction and to bring their contributions held.

Residents of 24 villages re-mobilized to participate in the construction of the 24 water sources and to bring their contributions towards construction of water sources

Construct 18 shallow wells in 3 Sub counties

18 shallow wells in the three sub-counties constructed

Commissioning water sources

24 water sources commissioned in 3 sub counties

Conduct 24 monitoring visits to construction sites by the staff covering 4 sites per day

24 monitoring visits done in 4 days.

Community Dialogues

48 community Dialogues will be conducted in 24 communities. Two dialogues per community that will discuss Health related issues.

Radio-talk shows

12 Health related Radio talk shows, one per quarter. The radio talk shows will be conducted by the staff

School Health Clubs

6 School Health Clubs, two per Sub-county (1 primary and 1 Secondary)

                                                           Sustainability, networking

ACTIVITIES                                                                                                                  OUTPUTS

8 Community volunteers are recruited, trained and followed up on their performance. These will have to report on a daily basis.

 

10 days training of community volunteer split into 5 days Orientation at the project start and 5 days refresher after review.

Conduct group competition

Competitions held among 24 groups

5 Days training in Entrepreneurship skills Development

48 HOCADEO staff will be trained in gender mainstreaming and also participate in drafting the gender policy which exercise will take three days.

3 days training of staff in the new trends and strategies of managing HIV/AIDS infection and approaches.

48 HOCADEO staff will participate in the trainings that will take three days

Joint Monitoring

12 joint monitoring will be done on a quarterly basis.

Graduating households

Three graduation events will be done, one per annum

Hold Inter-group exchange visits

24 inter-group exchange visits carried out

Conduct midterm review/evaluation

One participatory midterm review exercise conducted

Conduct bi-annual audits

6 bi-annual audits carried out

Conduct end of project evaluations

One end of project evaluation carried out.

Out puts for the preliminary and other activities for the phase (2019-2021)

ACTIVITIES

OUTPUTS

Hold feedback meetings at sub county  and village levels

27 feedback meetings held (24 at village level) and 3at sub county levels

Hold 24 initial village meetings

1440 people attend the initial village meetings

  

 

Implementation Team

Fr. Joseph Birungi Project lead person

Fr. Joseph Birungi
Project lead person