Hoima Sustainable Agriculture Programme.( HSAP )
The Hoima Sustainable Agriculture Program (HSAP) has been running for the last 20 years in Hoima Diocese. The Program operates in phases of 3 years. The program is funded by MISEREOR-GERMANY. The project targets small holder farmers including; Women, Men, Children and Youths in the Diocese. The implementing partner is HOCADEO. HOCADEO is currently implementing a three year phase (2019 to 2021) and the Project tittle is: Sustainable agriculture for improved Livelihoods of small scale farmers in Hoima Diocese.
Description of the situation of the target population:
Nine (90%) in every ten households that are yet to be reached by HSAP experience food and nutritional insecurity reflected by consuming one meal a day and low dietary diversity of less than 3 food groups during the planting periods (March to May and August to October). These households are mainly coping through borrowing money to buy food, remittances from relatives, volunteer plants and selling labour (Needs Assessment 2018). Household food insecurity is culminating from limited food availability due to poor crop harvests and low food stocks at household level as a result of the effects of prolonged dry spells, use of poor quality crop varieties and livestock breeds, low soil fertility, increased prevalence of crop and livestock diseases. Farmers have limited or no access to extension services which impair their capacity to use good agronomic practices and manage pests and diseases in crops and livestock. Climate change manifesting in the form of prolonged drought, excessive rainfall in a short time, hailstorm, increased incidence of pests and diseases that were not in the area before is noted to have led to low crop and animal productivity thus a key cause of food and nutrition insecurity for rural populations that are ill-prepared to cope with the impacts on their livelihoods (Kagadi District Development plan, 2016/2017).
Kagadi District, Sub-counties; Burora, Kyakabadima and Rugashaari in 41 Villages.
To contribute to the improved livelihoods of small holder farmers in the three sub-counties of Rugashali, Kyakabadiima and Burora in Kagadi District by 2021.
- The targeted farmers have improved diversified crop yields and they sustainably manage natural resources by 2021.
- Farmers have increased the biological and economic productivity of livestock by 2021.
- Families and farmer groups are stable, empowered and able to manage their health, nutrition and socio-economic concerns self-reliantly by 2021.
- Farmers’ capacity strengthened in marketing, value addition and creation of linkages.
- The target farmers have improved access to quality seeds and water for domestic use, animal and crop production.
- Small holder farmers (Women, Men, Children and Youth)
- 1,300 farmers from 1,030Households
- 41 groups comprising of 18 to 35 farmers per group
- Group Formation
- Field trainings
- Demonstration gardens at group level
- Radio talk shows
- Group Competitions
- Inter group exchange visits
- Exposure visits
- Participation in Kihonda and Diocese Exhibitions
- Household follow up
- Use of IEC materials
- Joint monitoring & Reporting
- Networking at all levels
Impact of the previous HSAP phases:
Findings from the evaluation reveal that previous phase had created key impacts at household level evidenced by; increased household assets notably improved houses, plots of land, livestock and farm assets indicate enhanced living conditions of the families. Households are food and nutrition secure and thanks to better hygiene practices and sanitation facilities physical condition of household members has improved. Gender relations in families have changed greatly. Families discuss and decide together how to spend their increased income and work is shared between family members more equally. Keeping animals in houses without grazing on free range has reduced conflicts among neighbors, as non-roaming pigs cannot destroy anything.
Most changes are sustainable. Farmer groups are likely to continue their activities. The behavior changes triggered in personal hygiene and nutrition are also likely to continue beyond the project. Farmers have gained knowledge and skills in agriculture and animal husbandry and they will continue to putting them into practice.
Field impressions of the previous HSAP phases:
Cover cropping as practiced by farmers and Children inspired to practice organic farming together with parents.
Mulching and soil and water conservation trenches promoted by the project and on the right is Samuel of Kinyanjovu group in his established Eucalyptus grandis woodlot.
One of the Community tree nurseries, Kinyanjovu village
Calliandra fodder has helped farmers to keep more animals and on the right is a raised pigsty promoted by the project.
Good example of Poultry and goat houses promoted by the project
Piggery waste management as promoted by the project , the waste is left to decompose and later applied to the filed, example in pineapple gardens
Children able to go to school as a result of improved household income and on the right is a house with locally made gutters and a plastic tank for water harvesting
Good example of a three step utensil drying rack and on the right is a sample of a kitchen garden promoted by the project.
Good example of project impact, image 16 was taken before project intervention and the one on the right after project intervention.
Farmers showcasing value added products (Appitizer, Wine, liquid manure) during the women’s day celebration in Rugashari sub-county –Kagadi district.
The project facilitated farmer exchange visits for learning purposes.